Symptoms of Thrush

What are the symptoms of thrush?

Thrush may develop suddenly, but it has the ability to become chronic, if not taken care of. A yeast germ called Candida spp, is responsible for oral thrush. More than 50 percent of the healthy population carries this germ in their skin, mouth, women in their vagina and in gastrointestinal tracks. The Candida may abode in these parts quietly, and usually doesn’t bother us. The other bacteria and antibodies present in our systems keep a check on this silent germ. However, sometimes this balance is disturbed due to illness, medicines or even stress and symptoms of thrush become visible.

We will see these symptoms of thrush in people who have taken corticosteroids, birth control medicines or antibiotics for a long time. Symptoms are also visible in patients with uncontrolled diabetes, HIV positive patients, cancer patients and sometimes even pregnant women.  The main reason is that in all the cases either the immunity systems of these patients have become weak; or the imbalance may be due to reaction of medicines. Someone wearing ill fitted dentures may also get thrush. Sometimes young babies also develop thrush.

Some of the main symptoms of thrush are: a slightly raised lesion forms in your mouth. It is usually creamy white in color. The lesion is present on your tongue and inner cheeks; but in some cases when it spreads it may also appear at the back of your throat, tonsils, gums and even the roof of your mouth. The lesion has a cottage cheese like appearance.  If you try to remove it or brush your teeth, it hurts and may even bleed slightly. White spots appear in your mouth; as the infection grows, they join together and are called plaque. If the thrush is due to antibiotics or corticosteroids; it is not necessary that you will witness white spots. In this case some parts of your mouth just become sore and red. Sometimes, the thrush spreads to the outer parts of your mouth. The area where your lower and upper lips meet becomes dry and sore. Most of the cases of oral thrush are mild and might not be very painful. In severe cases though, the mouth becomes so sore that the patient has difficulty in eating and drinking. Babies who have oral thrush constantly drool and because of this soreness are not able to feed properly. Sometimes, a person’s taste buds are also affected and he may not be able to taste the food properly.

It is interesting to note that symptoms of thrush are also seen in people, who use excessive amounts of antibacterial mouth wash. Sometimes, even the good bacteria is killed and flushed out of your mouth with use of such mouth washes. People with poor health and anemic patients also show symptoms of thrush. If a person’s immunity system is already weak; thrush may spread to his liver, lungs or even skin and due to lack of antibodies in the system he is unable to fight the infection off. Medical assistance should be taken immediately, at the first signs of appearance of thrush symptoms in such cases.

>>> Thrush treatment

Thrush symptoms

Identifying Oral Thrush Symptoms

The main oral thrush symptoms are that white patches; which may look like curd appear on the inside of your mouth, tongues and the areas surrounding your lips. The skin on the sides of your mouth may get dry and cracked and is sore to touch. Thrush patches inside your mouth may or may not be painful, depending upon its severity.

Thrush symptoms can be seen in anybody from new born babies to grownups. Usually in adults and children they are quite unnoticeable at first. In adults, white cheese like lesions appears on the inside of their mouths. If you try to rub them too hard in order to clean them, they may hurt or even bleed at times. This is accompanied by loss of taste. Your mouth may feel dry and you have a cottony or papery feeling in your mouth. In some cases this lesion spreads from your throat down to your esophagus. In such cases the patient losses his appetite. This is because firstly, the mouth is so sore that he may have difficulty in chewing and eating. Secondly, when this patient tries to swallow the food he may feel that the food is getting stuck and there is a big bulge stuck in the tube which carries the food to our stomach.

Sometimes even new born babies or infants can develop thrush. Thrush symptoms in babies are that along with the white lesion, these babies dribble saliva all the time. They might become irritated and due to the soreness in their mouth, may have trouble in feeding. In case if these babies are on breast feed the infection can be transferred onto a mother’s breast through her skin. Until diagnosed, this infection can then pass to and fro from mother and child through breast milk. Mothers who get Candida (thrush causing bacteria) on their breasts have red, itchy and sensitive nipples.

Thrush symptoms appear in those who have weak immune systems or are suffering from any sort of deficiencies such as folic acid or vitamin B12. As the good bacteria or germ fighting bacteria in your system becomes lesser; they cause imbalance and allows infection causing bacteria such as Candida to prevail. Sometimes the use of antibiotics can also cause sudden signs of thrush. Cancer patients, who have gone through chemotherapy, HIV patients or patients with chronic diseases whose immunity systems weaken, all may experience thrush. As the mouth gets sore, they have difficulty in eating and sometimes even swallowing the food. This worsens the situation even further.

The white lesion is a distinctive sign of thrush; however, a doctor may take a look at your medical history in order to understand the underlying cause of your condition. Your physician may prescribe you with antifungal medicine in suspension form, which can be taken like any normal suspension. Another solution is taking antifungal lozenges which also provide great relief.  Candida is usually not dangerous, but there are chances of it spreading into other parts of the body. You should therefore, go see you GP at the first appearance of thrush symptoms.

>>> Thrush treatment

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